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World Refugee Day 2021: Are we doing enough for refugees? | ticker VIEWS

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An Eritrean refugee.

Today marks World Refugee Day — the international day to support and protect refugees across the globe. It also calls for refugees to be included in healthcare, education and sport.

World Refugee Day was first held globally in 2001, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

According to the UN Refugees Agency, there are 82.4 million people who have been forcibly displaced — a figure that has more than doubled from last decade (41 million in 2010).

The leading causes of this displacement include persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations and disaster-related events.

Sixty-eight percent of the world’s refugees come from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and Myanmar.

Naomi Steer is the Australia for UNHCR National Director, who says the increased frequency of climate change disasters has driven internal displacement.

“The dynamics of conflict, poverty, food insecurity and climate change are increasingly interconnected, and we’re finding more people displaced from a combination of these key drivers in search of safety, security or more hospitable environments,” she said.

Putting faces to the statistics

George Najarian is an Armenian refugee from Syria. Today, he resides in Australia and has raised over $12,000 for refugees. He has also spent countless hours volunteering and educating thousands about refugees.

“I’m proud of being a refugee because that shaped me,” he says.

“But I don’t want to stay just in the past, because the past has gone and I have a chance to shape the future, help others and contribute to Australia.”

Similarly, Sarab Shada was born and raised in Baghdad before she resettled in Sydney in 2019.

“Growing up in Iraq, there were no places for me to use my voice apart from the local church. So, I joined the church choir and sang with them for several years until my travels began.”

“Since arriving in Australia, I’ve completed my international certification as an English language teacher while going through the lengthy process of recognising my international degree,” she said.

The impacts of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed contemporary society as we once knew it. But these impacts are being felt on a much greater scale in refugee communities.

The Secretary-General of the United Nations believes a whole-of-community approach is the key to future success.

Likewise, Ms Steer says 2020 was a devastating year for new internal displacements.

“2020 saw disasters trigger more than 30 million new internal displacements, the highest number in a decade and more than three times the displacements triggered by conflict and violence.”

In fact, 34,400 refugees were resettled to third countries in 2020. This is a 69 per cent drop from the previous year.

“COVID has dramatically magnified the risks in the past year, including many people stuck in desperate situations and finding it difficult to get proper help. It’s clear the impact on displaced people will be with us for years to come,” Ms Steer says.

Who hosts refugees?

In the Sahel region of Africa, which lies between the Sahara and the Sudanian Savanna, nearly 750,000 people were newly displaced last year.

The UNHCR believes it is one of the most complex regional crises worldwide. In Ethiopia, more than 750,000 people were displaced last year. Around 54,000 people fled the Tigray region into Sudan.

But where else do these refugees travel to? Turkey hosted nearly 3.7 million refugees last year. Similarly, Colombia, Pakistan, Uganda and Germany all took over one million refugees.

But Ms Steer says cross-sector collaboration and shared responsibility is the key.

“Governments, the private sector, corporations and individuals all have a part to play in keeping refugees safe,” Ms Steer says.

Are we doing enough?

World Refugee Day 2021 gives us the chance to reflect and think about how we can make the world a better place.

We know that there are people behind the statistics, and the data shows us that the global situation has worsened in recent times.

A 2017 survey from World Vision found that 91 percent of young people want to do more to help refugees. While, 14 percent believe Australia is doing enough.

But there are many small steps that we can make to raise awareness and funds for refugees.

This week, people took part in the 2021 Ration Challenge. It involves people eating the same rations that as Syrian refugees in Jordan for one week. This consists of 1.9 kilograms of rice, 170 grams of lentils, and 85 grams of dried chickpeas.

The Shoe Project, also encourages refugees and immigrants to improve their communication skills and work towards their goals in Canada. The program shows how footwear can make or break a journey, and shape a new future through interactive writing workshops.

The UNHCR also relies on generous donations and support from communities around the world.

Times may be tough for many, but World Refugee Day is a stark reminder of the vast inequality that many face on a daily basis.

Whether you are able to donate, or take part in one of the many grassroots programs, or not; take the time to think about the millions of displaced people, and their families on this World Refugee Day 2021.

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Ticker Views

China launches world’s fastest train | ticker VIEWS

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China reveals the world’s fastest ground vehicle in the world, travelling speeds of 600kph

Travelling innovation is speeding up and China is at the forefront with the Maglev bullet train making its debut in Chinas, Qingdao.

The Maglev Bullet train

The Maglev bullet can reach a maximum speed of 600 kph. In comparison, a plane flies at around 800 kph. The China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation developed the world’s fastest train.

Maglev represents “magnetic levitation”, referring to its floating appearance above the tracks. The Maglev simply glides above the tracks using its electromagnetic forces.

Speed isn’t the train’s only stand-out feature, it also emits low levels of noise, pollution and requires less upkeep.

A win for China

High-speed rail is at the top of China’s priority list. The aim of the train is to create transport between major areas within hours.

The aim is to connect cities with reduced travel times and expenses. China is the world’s most populous country and this will fill a significant demand in the travel sector.

China has one Maglev line in commercial use. It connects Shanghai’s Pudong Airport with the city, in about seven minutes.

However, before these trains can be rolled out for widespread use and travel, more Maglev tracks will need to be installed.

China’s newest train is expected to be ready for widespread commercial use within the next decade. 

Others on the market

Advances in train technology have taken off in recent years. Japan has a bullet train that can reach speeds of 400kph.

In the United States, a train track near Orlando International Airport is underway for a train that will reach speeds of up to 200 kph.

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Sport

The Greek Freak triumphs all | ticker VIEWS

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In a world of NBA Super teams, one man won against all odds.

Ever since LeBron James took his talents to South Beach in 2010, N.B.A. super teams have become the new norm. A super team refers to the best players in the league teaming up to secure a championship.

All that changed in recent days with the Milwaukee Bucks winning the championship. Giannis Antetokounmpo put together one of the greatest performances in NBA finals history, to secure a 4-2 victory over the Phoenix Suns.

Antetokounmpo also ranks as the first NBA Finals MVP to have also won the league’s Most Improved Player Award.

Giannis score 50 points and 14 rebounds in game 6.

He called out other players for winning the “easy way” in recent times.

“It’s easy to go somewhere and win a championship with somebody else … this is the hard way to do and we did it.”

ANTETOKOUNPMO SAID AFTER THE WIN.

James Harden, Kevin Durant, Anthony Davis, Kyrie Irving all left their respective teams to chase glory. Giannis stayed.

The comments may have not necessarily been a dig at his opponents, but it sure came off that way.

The two-time M.V.P. could’ve signed with a team that already had another superstar, in place to give himself the best chance to win a championship. 

Instead, he stuck around in a small market and prevailed to win the Finals M.V.P. and lead the Bucks to their first championship in 50 years.

Antetokounmpo was the 15th pick in the 2013 NBA out of Greece, where he played at Filathlitikos.

Him and his brothers are of Nigerian decent, with a strong basketball background.

The Greek superstar was true to his word and now has the highest form of glory to show for it.

The NBA could be entering a new era, with the new Finals MVP and the centre of it.

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Climate

Europe floods, while the US burns | ticker VIEWS

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Europe is seeing disastrous floods, while parts of the United States are seeing record-breaking heatwaves

The severity of extreme floods and heatwavs is leading experts to blame climate change.

Catastrophic floods are ravaging parts of Europe, including Germany and Belgium. The areas have seen over two months’ worth of rain in two days.

The flood death toll now sits at 188 people with German Chancellor Angela Merkel describing the floods as “terrifying”.

“Climate change means we’ll have more events, more powerful, more often. “

Scott hamilton

Record heatwaves in US & Northern Ireland

A record-breaking heatwave is gripping the western parts of California. It’s causing 70 devastating wildfires to ravage across California and Oregon.

The wildfires are caused by an unprecedented heatwave, that scientists say was driven by human-caused climate change.

“There is a clear human fingerprint on this particular extreme heatwave in the Pacific Northwest, and in general on extreme heatwaves everywhere in the modern era we’re living though.”

Daniel swain, ucla climate scientist

Northern Ireland has also recorded its highest temperatures of 31.2 degrees Celcius, in Ballywatticock, County Down.

For context, the previous highest temperature of 30.8 degrees Celcius was recorded in 1983.

“Just another sign we are facing dangerous climate change”

Scott Hamilton

In other news this week:

The EU Green Deal

The European Union Green Deal is deemed the ‘fit for 55’ package. Its aim is to enable the European Union to deliver its commitments to cut emissions by 55% by 2030.

Its aim is to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent in the world.

It will set the EU on a path to reach its climate targets by 2030 in a fair, cost-effective, and competitive way.

China introduces carbon trading

China is putting in a carbon trading scheme, in a bid to cut back on its emissions. It will cover approximately 2,200 power companies, with a step in the right direction.

The scheme will put pressure on Chinese emitters to use less coal and switch to cleaner energy sources. However, this will hurt Australian exports in the future and demand cleaner alternatives from Australia.

Australian Environment Minister duty of care

Environment Minister Sussan Ley will appeal a declaration by the Federal Court that she owes a duty of care to protect children from the effects of climate change.

The eight schoolchildren who are fighting the case to the federal court are concerned about the decision to appeal, with one saying the government was now fighting for the right to cause them harm.

Watch this weeks full episode of tickerCLIMATE here: https://tickernews.co/ticker-climate/

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