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Electric trucks start their engines in Australia | ticker VIEWS

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Volvo Group is leading the way for the global shift to electric trucks

Volvo Trucks are using an electric truck model, which will benefit the environment and the driver.

On Ticker Climate this week, the Environment and Innovation Director of Volvo Trucks in Sweden, Lars Martensson, shared the latest details on the shift to electric.

Electric trucks in Australia

Logistics company Linfox will work with Volvo, to use their electric trucks in Australia. Volvo’s electric trucks are already used reguarly in Sweden, Europe and North America. Yet, Volvo will now bring its large heavy trucks to Australia.

As electric vehicle production ramps up worldwide, there is an increasing demand to adapt to this model.

How do they work?

In a boost for sustainability, the trucks are all battery-electric.

Electric vehicles (EVs) have an electric motor, instead of an internal combustion engine. The vehicle uses a large battery pack to power the electric motor.

In the case of an electric truck, it uses a computer to signal through to an inverter. The inverter releases electrons from the battery pack, that can be used by the electric motor.

Electric vehicles can be referred to as battery electric vehicles.

They emit no exhaust and do not contain any typical liquid fuel components, such as a fuel pump, fuel line, or fuel tank.

Another major advantage of electric motor-driven trucks is the ability to provide regenerative braking. Unlike diesel, an electric motor can recover energy by sending charging current back into the batteries, in a controlled process.

However, the truck’s battery has to be plugged into an electrical outlet or charging equipment. Most electric vehicles can go a similar distance to petrol or diesel vehicles. There does need to be regular charging stations along the way.

The Volvo trucks can be recharged overnight, at the home depots. For the remainder of the time, they can recharged during the trips. They have a driving range of up to 300km.

They will be used for local distribution, regional distribution, and construction.

“For example, in Europe, it will make up 50%  of freight transport.”

Lars Martensson

Why go electric?

The shift to electric helps to fight climate change and has significant benefits for the drivers’ health.

Traditionally trucks operate using diesel fuel. Diesel exhaust comes from engines burning diesel fuel. It is a complex mixture of gases, vapors, liquid aerosols, and particulate substances. These substances are the products of combustion.

The main chemical components of diesel exhaust emissions are gases and vapours. Gases and vapours are the gases found in air like nitrogen, oxygen, water vapour, and carbon dioxide.

There are also hazardous chemicals like nitrous oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and carbon monoxide.

Fine particles known as diesel particulate matter are hazardous chemicals. They act like gas and stay airborne for long periods of time. They are extremely detrimental to the drivers’ health by penetrating deep into the lungs. 

The shift to electric will also help to cut back on greenhouse emissions.

Cars, trucks, public transport, domestic flight, and shipping are the second-largest source of greenhouse gas pollution in Australia. 

The sector emitted 102 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2018, representing 18% of Australia’s annual greenhouse gas pollution. Transport emissions increased the most as a percentage of any sector since 1990.

“There are emissions from diesel trucks, which cause pollution in terms of the cities and smog but also in terms of local pollution.”

“There are also fine particles which go deep into the lungs.”

Scott Hamilton

Ditch dependence on diesel imports

Diesel is crucial to Australia’s energy security as it underpins our critical infrastructure, transport sector, and important industries, such as mining and agriculture. It is also critical during an emergency for essential services.  

Australia currently has only about 18 days of diesel fuel security. More than 90 per cent of petrol and diesel in Australia is imported from Singapore, South Korea, Japan, China, and the USA.

Australia is down to only a couple of oil refineries now, yet the Federal Government is using taxpayers dollars to keep them afloat.

“So much for ‘technology not taxes’ approach to energy policy,” 

Scott Hamilton

We can learn from other countries and businesses. Power company Copel and the State of Parana, in Brazil, worked together to maximise transition to electric vehicles by investing in re-fuelling developments. This included commercial, residential, and government services.

Copel determined it could make more money from selling coffee at refueling stations than it would ever make from selling electricity for vehicles.

“With diesel fuel security sitting about 18 days and the rising price of oil, diversification in electric and other zero-emission power fuels is a no brainer. Helping save the plant is a bonus.” 

“I think we are going to see the same rapid uptake of electric vehicles as we have seen with people putting solar PV on their roofs”

“Linfox is again showing leadership by driving these new clean technologies into the Australian market,”

Scott Hamilton 

Government support

According to Martensson, the Swedish Government and Europe more broadly have been incredibly supportive of the electric movement.

To run effectively and efficiently in Australia, Volvo will require the support of the Government. There needs to be considerable investment into the research, development, and infrastructure.

The trucks require recharging stations and specific infrastructure to run efficently.

However, the exact plan and logistics for Volvo Trucks to operate in Australia hasn’t be revealed yet.

IN OTHER NEWS:

Volvo is going to work with battery company Northvolt to deliver Electric vehicles with a range of 1000km. The two companies will produce batteries with renewable energy to lower carbon emissions.

In addition, they will increase energy density by about 50%  and their batteries will present a 1,000 Wh/l energy density.

Watch the full episode of Ticker Climate here:

Ticker Climate

Holly is an anchor and reporter at Ticker. She's experienced in live reporting, and has previously covered the Covid-19 pandemic on-location. She's passionate about telling stories in business, climate and health.

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How close to a full scale nuclear war are we really?

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Since President Vladimir Putin’s latest warning that he is ready to use nuclear weapons to defend Russia, the question of whether or not the former KGB spy is bluffing has become much more urgent.

There are several reasons why Putin’s nuclear warnings have the West worried. First, Russia has been increasingly aggressive in its actions in recent years, from annexing Crimea to intervening in Syria. This has led to a feeling that Putin is becoming more and more reckless and unpredictable.

Second, Russia has been beefing up its nuclear arsenal, with reports indicating that it now has more nuclear warheads than any other country in the world. This increase in firepower makes Putin’s threats all the more credible.

Last but not least, there is the fact that Putin is a former KGB agent. This means that he is no stranger to playing games of brinkmanship and bluffing. In the past, he has used nuclear threats as a way to get what he wants. For example, in 2008, he threatened to aim nuclear missiles at European cities unless the United States agreed to drop plans for a missile defense system in Eastern Europe.

The West is worried

Given all of this, it’s no wonder that Putin’s latest nuclear threats have the West worried. Only Putin knows if he is actually bluffing, but given his track record, it’s certainly a possibility.

If a nuclear weapon were used in Ukraine, it would cause a massive humanitarian crisis. Tens of thousands of people would be killed or wounded, and millions more would be displaced. The economic and social damage would be enormous, and Europe would be plunged into chaos.

In addition, the use of nuclear weapons would also have devastating consequences for the rest of the world. The nuclear non-proliferation regime would be dealt a serious blow, and there would be a renewed risk of nuclear war.

The world would become a much more dangerous place.

Nuclear impact

A nuclear explosion in Ukraine would have a regional impact, but it could also have global consequences. The use of nuclear weapons would violate the nuclear non-proliferation regime, and this could lead to other countries acquiring nuclear weapons. In addition, the risk of nuclear war would increase, and this would have a negative impact on the entire world.

The UN has condemned Russia’s threats of nuclear war, and it has called on all parties to refrain from any actions that could lead to the use of nuclear weapons. The UN Secretary-General has said that there can be no military solution to the crisis in Ukraine, and he has urged all sides to return to the negotiating table.

Russia has several allies in its war against Ukraine. These include Belarus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Russia also has the support of China and Iran.

The war in Ukraine has had a significant impact on energy prices.

Due to the conflict, there has been a disruption in the supply of natural gas and oil from Ukraine. This has led to an increase in prices for these commodities.

The West can only threaten Putin further, as they’ve done all year, since President Biden warned that Russia was about to invade Ukraine.

Every step of the way, Putin has done exactly what the West has feared.

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“These are the guys?” Putin’s Dad’s army

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Vladimir Putin’s army is in a bit of a pickle. They’ve been drafting retirees, and telling conscripts to use tampons for bullet wounds.

This isn’t exactly the most impressive fighting force we’ve ever seen. In fact, they look more like dad’s army than anything else.

It’s clear that Putin is desperate to beef up his forces, but it seems like he’s just throwing bodies at the problem instead of actually preparing them for battle.

Pictures from Sevastopol in Crimea show groups of men — many well into their 50s and 60s gripping weapons and wearing uniforms.

Several appear in questionable fighting shape.

This could be a big problem for Russia if they actually get into a serious conflict. We hope for their sake that they never have to find out.

Thousands of Russian men are fleeing the country to avoid conscription. This just goes to show how unpopular Putin’s policies are, even among his own people.

The Kremlin is now trying to catch thousands of Russian men as they try and leave the country. But it’s not going to be easy.

Many of these men are willing to risk everything to avoid being drafted into Putin’s army.

It’s estimated that up to 100,000 Russian soldiers have died in Ukraine since the conflict began.

This is a huge loss of life for Russia, and it’s all thanks to Putin’s reckless policies.

Many of these soldiers were just boys, barely out of their teens. They had their whole lives ahead of them, but they’ll never get to experience it now.

It’s tragic, and it’s all thanks to Putin. He needs to be stopped.

At the same time, a video shared on social media shows a Russian officer telling new recruits what to expect.

“I say right away if you are near the fire, you are f***ed,” she says, before reeling off a list of items they will need to acquire themselves before entering the war zone.

“Take sleeping bags with you, you will sleep where you have to.”

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IRAN PROTESTS | Are countries using religion as an excuse to violate basic human rights?

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Iran protests are engulfing the country as thousands take to the streets in a revolution against oppression

IRAN PROTESTS – The story of Iran is one of a country that has been through a lot in recent history.

An uprising of both men and women has engulfed Iran, following the death of Mahsa Amini. Women are cutting their hair and burning their hijabs, demanding some form of change to the strict rules that impact their ultimate freedom.

From the Iranian Revolution in 1979 to the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, the nation’s residents have witnessed their fair share of turmoil.

Many insist that religion, like Islam, is being used as a reason to violate basic human rights in Iran.

“It’s a totalitarian regime… Islam is being used to deny freedom of speech, freedom of education, freedom of movement.”

Mariam Memarsadeghi
Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute

There is a feeling of discontent among the Iranian people. The economy is struggling, and many young Iranians feel they have no future.

They are fed up with the corruption of the government and the lack of opportunity.

Mahsa Amini’s brutal death

On top of this is the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish-Iranian woman.

Amini was arrested by the so-called morality police for “improperly” wearing her mandatory hijab.

Reports suggest she was beaten so severely that she went into a coma.

Mahsa Amini protests in Iran

Three days later, she died, and many suspect it was a direct result of this police brutality.

Amini’s death has fuelled further anger and extreme protest, with widespread condemnation from Iranians, denouncing her death and the regime that caused it.

“There were 10-11 blows to her head… She was beaten while still in the van…When her body was delivered to the family they saw bruises to her neck and head.”

Mariam Memarsadeghi
Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute

The incident has brought attention to the plight of many Iranians who feel they are living under an oppressive regime.

While it is difficult to predict what will happen next in Iran, many hope the death of Amani will not be in vain.

Many pray the protests will lead to real action and a country where women are treated as equals. They want a country where there is opportunity for all.

Women in Iran and around the world are now lifting the veil on Iran’s corruption and human rights violations.

In 2022, many are angry that men are controlling what women do with their bodies and what they wear.

However, the Founder and Director of Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute Mariam Memarsadeghi explained its women who are enforcing the strict rules too.

“It’s actually women also who are policing other women to wear hijab… It’s a very Handmaids Tale situation.”

Mariam Memarsadeghi
Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute

Will this drive change?

In Iran, many young Iranians are showing the world they don’t want this system any more, that they want democracy.

They’re cutting their hair and burning their hijabs, they’re putting their own safety on the line to take a stand against the regime that has silenced them for so long.

This generation is very different, but it doesn’t guarantee that this uprising will fuel any real change.

However, Memarsadeghi said “there is no way back from here.”

“It’s very dangerous, there is a tremendous amount of respect for the men and women on the streets because each and every single one of them risks being beaten, killed, tortured, maybe even executed.”

Mariam Memarsadeghi
Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute

How can organisations and world leaders help?

Iran is in the midst of a political upheaval and the world is watching.

Scenes of protest and violence are being shared far and wide on social media. The world has a front-row seat to the unfolding crisis.

However, the Iranian Government has responded by imposing a sweeping internet ban, cutting off the protesters from the outside world.

This only adds to the urgency of the situation, as Iran’s people are now risking their lives to speak out against their oppression.

World leaders and democracy advocacy groups are already discussing ways to help the people of Iran and hold their violations to account.

“The solidarity and attention from celebrities, athletes and world leaders has been extremely helpful… The future of freedom is what these men and women in Iran are doing.”

Mariam Memarsadeghi
Cyrus Forum and Senior Fellow at Macdonald-Laurier Institute

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