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ChatGPT may be new but artificial intelligence has a long history



Scientists and philosophers have been working on a ‘second brain’ for decades

From the heartless Tin Man in the Wizard of Oz, to the humanoid robot in Metropolis; science fiction has brought artificially intelligent robots to life.

In the 1950s, some of the world’s brightest minds were already using artificial intelligence as part of their vocabulary.

John McCarthy was among the first computer scientists to coin the term: artificial intelligence.

McCarthy and two dozen other men came together at a Dartmouth workshop in New Hampshire for a conference on artificial intelligence.

“I started my work on artificial intelligence in ’56, although I became interested in it before that, in ’49,” he said.

Computers began to store more information and boast a speed like never before. Dr Stefan Popenici from Charles Darwin University is a leading voice on artificial intelligence.

He said the technology is hardly new. “It’s not new. Artificial intelligence came as a formula in 1956,” he said.

Dr Popenici has published a book on the implications of the adoption of artificial intelligence in higher education.

He said open source artificial intelligence like ChatGPT have become a concern for researchers in the education sector.

“This is just one of the many serious challenges associated with the exponential advancements of AI in the last years, and universities have to find now the energy and will to articulate efficient and sustainable solutions for education and society,” he said.

In the 1980s, artificial intelligence was expanding its algorithmic toolkit and receiving more funding.

By 1997, reigning world chess champion and grand master Gary Kasparov was defeated by IBM’s Deep Blue.

In the same year, speech recognition software was implemented on Microsoft Windows computers.

“AI is not only the subject of a new hype but also stirs profound cultural, educational, and economic changes with significant medium and long-term impacts.

“We know that all technological revolutions come with winners and losers, and institutions of education must now make a set of choices that will decide where they will stand in the near future,” Dr Popenici said.

Costa is a news producer at ticker NEWS. He has previously worked as a regional journalist at the Southern Highlands Express newspaper. He also has several years' experience in the fire and emergency services sector, where he has worked with researchers, policymakers and local communities. He has also worked at the Seven Network during their Olympic Games coverage and in the ABC Melbourne newsroom. He also holds a Bachelor of Arts (Professional), with expertise in journalism, politics and international relations. His other interests include colonial legacies in the Pacific, counter-terrorism, aviation and travel.

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Musk’s Empire



A plane arrives in China. On board, one of the world’s richest men. He’s come to convince authorities that he should be allowed to set up a brand new factory.

He is Elon Musk.

And this is his first trip to China in three years.

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Amazon employees walk out to protest office policies



Staff at warehousing giant Amazon have walked off the job to protest the company’s return-to-office program

Over 1,900 Amazon employees pledged to protest globally over proposed changes to the company’s climate policy, layoffs and a return-to-office mandate.

The activist group behind the rally is known as Amazon Employees for Climate Justice (AECJ), who are seeking a greater voice for employees.

“Our goal is to change Amazon’s cost/benefit analysis on making harmful, unilateral decisions that are having an outsized impact on people of color, women, LGBTQ people, people with disabilities, and other vulnerable people,” organisers said.

Over 100 people gathered at the heart of Amazon’s Seattle headquarters on Wednesday. The company said it had not witnessed any other demonstrations.

AECJ said the walkout comes after Amazon made moves “in the wrong direction”.

The company recently has recently overturned a desire to make all Amazon shipments net zero for carbon emissions by 2030.

The company maintains a pledge on climate change.

Amazon spokesperson Brad Glasser told Reuters the company is pursuing a strategy to cut carbon emissions.

“For companies like ours who consume a lot of power, and have very substantial transportation, packaging, and physical building assets, it’ll take time to accomplish.”

AECJ protesters also sought support for the 27,000 staff, who had lost their jobs in recent months —around 9 per cent of Amazon’s global workforce.

The company has also mandated a return-to-office program.

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The Great Resignation vs. The Great Burnout



As employees recover from the height of the pandemic, the Great Resignation has come to light

The pandemic saw the term ‘the great resignation’ coined as thousands of people resigned from their jobs across the U.S. in 2021 and 2022.

Karin Reed, the author of ‘Suddenly Hybrid said the great resignation was a period of employees taking control of their future.

“A lot of people realised in their current environment they were not happy with what they were doing with their job. They chose to vote with their feet and go elsewhere,

In other parts of the world, a spike in resignations was not reported.

However, a higher degree of workers began reporting post-Covid burnout, as they made a return to the office.

“There’s been a blurring of the lines. You have work that’s not confined by a physical space.

“Instead of closing the computer and walk away, our computer is in the next room.”

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