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Ukraine Crisis

Scientists warn: Antarctica’s major ice shelf may shatter within five years



‘Doomsday’ glacier would be left without an anchor, raising sea levels by about 25 metres

The effects of climate change are continuing to wreak havoc on the planet as one of Antarctica’s major ice shelves edges closer to a breaking point.

An integral ice shelf that holds a critical glacier is at risk of encountering numerous fractures within the next five years.

Scientists attending the American Geophysical Union meeting warned that the breakage will take a “zig-zag” route through the ice, fragmenting it into smaller pieces.

The Thwaites Glacier is larger than the size of England and contributes approximately four per cent to global sea level rise yearly.

If predictions come to fruition sea levels could rise by about 25 per cent as increasing ocean temperatures continue to dissolve the eastern ice shelf. 

Science reporter at The Washington Post Sarah Kaplan says the changes are a sign of climate change.

“There are several forces acting on the ice shelf… and a big one is that this warmer, relatively warm water by Antarctic standards is eroding underneath the bottom of the ice shelf and thinning it and weakening it,” Ms Kaplan says.

The ice shelf itself is not the contributor to rising sea levels

“And then you start to see other other forces at play, including incredible stress on the shelf that is leading to the creation or the emergence of these fractures that weaken it.”

She says the ice shelf itself will not contribute to sea level rise but if it no longer fulfils its role as a “brace” for the Thwaites Glacier then the river of ice may become unstable.

“Without the ice shelf scientists fear that this portion of weights is going to flow much more quickly into the sea and sort of catch up with the rest of the glacier, which is already moving at three times the rate of the eastern portion,” Ms Kaplan says.

What can be done to prevent further global warming?

Research conducted by the European Geosciences Union has shown that increased carbon dioxide largely due to the burning of fossil fuels is closely linked to changed in temperature. 

“Figuring out ways to transition our energy systems and our buildings and our transportation away from burning fossil fuels… that is going to be the thing that slows warming and ultimately slows this rapid transformation of Antarctica and will make the future less dangerous,” Ms Kaplan says.

NASA satellite data has predicted the global sea levels to rise by two to six feet by the end of this century steered by melting in Greenland and Antarctica.

Natasha is an Associate Producer at ticker NEWS with a Bachelor of arts from Monash University. She has previously worked at Sky News Australia and Monash University as an Online Content Producer.

Ukraine Crisis

Zelensky addresses the U.N. as protests break out in Russia



Zelensky addresses the U.N. as protests over Putin’s mobilisation plan break out in Russia

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky addresses the U.N. General Assembly in New York.

Zelensky says his nation just wants peace and believes Russia should be punished and ostracised for its actions.

“A crime has been committed against Ukraine and we demand just punishment. The crime was committed against our state borders. The crime was committed against the lives of our people,” Zelensky said. “Ukraine demands punishment for trying to steal our territory”.

In the powerful speech, the Ukrainian President also called for Russia to lose its U.N. veto power. Russia is currently one of the five permanent members of the Security Council.

He is also seeking more military aid, pleading for more weapons to help liberate his country’s land.

Protests engulf major Russia cities

In Russia, police have arrested hundreds of protestors who are rallying against Vladimir Putin’s military mobilisation.

Human rights group OVD Info estimates more than 1,000 people have been taken into custody so far. The largest number of arrests were made in St Petersburg and Moscow.

As the Kremlin announced its intention to call up thousands of extra troops to fight the warn in Ukraine, flights departing Russia sold out almost immediately.

The mobilisation will likely see at least 300,000 military reservists drafted to bolster Russia’s forces.

In Moscow, the prosecutor’s office is warning that calls on the internet to join protests, or participation in these protests, could result in up to 15 years in jail time.

Russia’s disinformation laws about the war have made public demonstrations rare.

In his first national televised address since the war began, Putin said he will use “all available means” to protect Russian territory.

In theory, this could include nuclear weapons.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg says the alliance remains vigilant.

“We will make sure that there is no misunderstanding in Moscow about exactly how we will react. Of course it depends upon what kind of situation or what kind or weapons they may use. The most important thing is to prevent that from happening and that is why we have been so clear in our communications with Russia about the unprecedented consequences,” Stoltenberg said.

Meanwhile, Putin’s mobilisation follows weeks of heavy losses for Russia in Ukraine, with Kyiv recapturing a huge area just east of Kharkiv.

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Ukraine Crisis

U.S. to provide Ukraine with tanks in the future



U.S. to provide Ukraine with tanks in the future, but there is a catch

The U.S. will provide tanks to Ukraine in the future, but issues with maintenance and training may delay the rollout.

Ukraine has received billions of dollars worth of weapons and military equipment, allowing the war-torn nation to defend itself against Putin’s regime.

Russian forces are continuing to “conduct airstrikes that are impacting civilian infrastructure”, most recently striking a “dam near Kryvyi Rih”, according to a top U.S. official.

“This disturbing pattern which includes strikes that hit power stations last week continues to show Russian forces’ disregard for civilian life,” the official added.

When it comes to further military aid, the offical confirmed tanks are “absolutely on the table”, but are not an option for the immediate battle.

Once training, maintenance and sustainment issues are addressed, the roll out is more likely.

This follows verified reports Ukraine has successfully shot down 55 Russian
fighter jets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky vowed there would be no let-up in fighting to regain
territory lost to Russia.

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Ukraine Crisis

Mass burial site discovered in Ukraine



A mass grave with over 400 bodies has been found in Ukraine’s Kharkiv region

The price of war is beginning to reveal itself in Ukraine as a mass grave, with over 400 bodies has been discovered in the recently liberated Kharkiv region.

The burial site was found in the city of Izyum, an area captured by Russian forces at the beginning of the war, and a victim to ultimate brutality.

Over recent days, Ukrainian forces have recaptured the area. So far, they have discovered over 1000 bodies in the city, with this number rising every day.

The mass grave site shows the extent of Russia’s atrocities, although Russia denies responsibility.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky is launching an investigation and says “Russia leaves death everywhere and it must be held accountable for that.”

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